⚠ New Class-Based API ⚠

This describes a new API in v1.8.0. Check the upgrade notes for more info.

Arguments

Fields can take arguments as input. These can be used to determine the return value (eg, filtering search results) or to modify the application state (eg, updating the database in MutationType).

Arguments are defined with the argument helper. These arguments are passed as keyword arguments to the resolver method:

field :search_posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :category, String, required: true
end

def search_posts(category:)
  Post.where(category: category).limit(10)
end

To make an argument optional, set required: false, and set default values for the corresponding keyword arguments:

field :search_posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :category, String, required: false
end

def search_posts(category: nil)
  if category
    Post.where(category: category).limit(10)
  else
    Post.all.limit(10)
  end
end

Be aware that if all arguments are optional and the query does not provide any arguments, then the resolver method will be called with no arguments. To prevent an ArgumentError in this case, you must either specify default values for all keyword arguments (as done in the prior example) or use the double splat operator argument in the method definition. For example:

def search_posts(**args)
  if args[:category]
    Post.where(category: args[:category]).limit(10)
  else
    Post.all.limit(10)
  end
end

Another approach is to use default_value: value to provide a default value for the argument if it is not supplied in the query.

field :search_posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :category, String, required: false, default_value: "Programming"
end

def search_posts(category:)
  Post.where(category: category).limit(10)
end

Use as: :alternate_name to use a different key from within your resolvers while exposing another key to clients.

field :post, PostType, null: false do
  argument :post_id, ID, required: true, as: :id
end

def post(id:)
  Post.find(id)
end

Provide a prepare function to modify or validate the value of an argument before the field’s resolver method is executed:

field :posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :start_date, String, required: true, prepare: ->(startDate, ctx) {
    # return the prepared argument or GraphQL::ExecutionError.new("msg")
    # to halt the execution of the field and add "msg" to the `errors` key.
  }
end

def posts(start_date:)
  # use prepared start_date
end

Arguments that are snake_cased will be camelized in the GraphQL schema. Using the example of:

field :posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :start_year, Int, required: true
end

The corresponding GraphQL query will look like:

{
  posts(startYear: 2018) {
    id
  }
}

To disable auto-camelization, pass camelize: false to the argument method.

field :posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :start_year, Int, required: true, camelize: false
end

Furthermore, if you’re argument is already camelCased, then it will remain camelized in the GraphQL schema. However, the argument will be converted to snake_case when it is passed to the resolver method:

field :posts, [PostType], null: false do
  argument :startYear, Int, required: true
end

def posts(start_year:)
  # ...
end

Only certain types are valid for arguments: