OperationStore Sync

JavaScript support for GraphQL projects using graphql-pro’s OperationStore for persisted queries.

See the OperationStore guide for server-side setup.

sync utility

This package contains a command line utility, graphql-ruby-client sync:

$ graphql-ruby-client sync # ...
Authorizing with HMAC
Syncing 4 operations to http://myapp.com/graphql/operations...
  3 added
  1 not modified
  0 failed
Generating client module in app/javascript/graphql/OperationStoreClient.js...
✓ Done!

sync Takes several options:

option description
--url Sync API url
--path Local directory to search for .graphql / .graphql.js files
--relay-persisted-output Path to a .json file from relay-compiler ... --persist-output
--apollo-codegen-json-output Path to a .json file from apollo client:codegen ... --target json
--apollo-android-operation-output Path to an OperationOutput.json file from Apollo Android
--client Client ID (created on server)
--secret Client Secret (created on server)
--outfile Destination for generated code
--outfile-type What kind of code to generate (js or json)
--add-typename Add __typename to all selection sets (for use with Apollo Client)
--verbose Output some debug information

You can see these and a few others with graphql-ruby-client sync --help.

Use with Relay <2

graphql-ruby-client can persist queries from relay-compiler using the embedded @relayHash value. (This was created in Relay before 2.0.0. See below for Relay 2.0+.)

To sync your queries with the server, use the --path option to point to your __generated__ directory, for example:

# sync a Relay project
$ graphql-ruby-client sync --path=src/__generated__  --outfile=src/OperationStoreClient.js --url=...

Then, the generated code may be integrated with Relay’s Network Layer:

// ...
// require the generated module:
const OperationStoreClient = require('./OperationStoreClient')

// ...
function fetchQuery(operation, variables, cacheConfig, uploadables) {
  const requestParams = {
    operationName: operation.name,

  if (process.env.NODE_ENV === "production")
    // In production, use the stored operation
    requestParams.operationId = OperationStoreClient.getOperationId(operation.name)
  } else {
    // In development, use the query text
    requestParams.query = operation.text,

  return fetch('/graphql', {
    method: 'POST',
    headers: { /*...*/ },
    body: JSON.stringify(requestParams),
  }).then(/* ... */);

// ...

(Only Relay Modern is supported. Legacy Relay can’t generate static queries.)

Use With Relay Persisted Output

Relay 2.0+ includes a --persist-output option for relay-compiler which works perfectly with GraphQL-Ruby. (Relay’s own docs, for reference: https://relay.dev/docs/en/persisted-queries.)

When generating queries for Relay, include --persist-output:

$ relay-compiler ... --persist-output path/to/persisted-queries.json

Then, push Relay’s generated queries to your OperationStore server with --relay-persisted-output:

$ graphql-ruby-client sync --relay-persisted-output=path/to/persisted-queries.json --url=...

In this case, sync won’t generate a JavaScript module because relay-compiler has already prepared its queries for persisted use. Instead, update your network layer to include the client name and operation id in the HTTP params:

const operationStoreClientName = "MyRelayApp";

function fetchQuery(operation, variables,) {
  return fetch('/graphql', {
    method: 'POST',
    headers: {
      'content-type': 'application/json'
    body: JSON.stringify({
      // Pass the client name and the operation ID, joined by `/`
      documentId: operationStoreClientName + "/" + operation.id,
      // query: operation.text, // this is now obsolete because text is null
  }).then(response => {
    return response.json();

(Inspired by https://relay.dev/docs/en/persisted-queries#network-layer-changes.)

Now, your Relay app will only send operation IDs over the wire to the server.

Use with Apollo Client

Use the --path option to point at your .graphql files:

$ graphql-ruby-client sync --path=src/graphql/ --url=...

Then, load the generated module and add its .apolloMiddleware to your network interface with .use([...]):

// load the generated module
var OperationStoreClient = require("./OperationStoreClient")

// attach it as middleware in production
// (in development, send queries to the server as normal)
if (process.env.NODE_ENV === "production") {

Now, the middleware will replace query strings with operationIds.

Use the --path option to point at your .graphql files:

$ graphql-ruby-client sync --path=src/graphql/ --url=...

Then, load the generated module and add its .apolloLink to your Apollo Link:

// load the generated module
var OperationStoreClient = require("./OperationStoreClient")

// Integrate the link to another link:
const link = ApolloLink.from([

// Create a client
const client = new ApolloClient({
  link: link,
  cache: new InMemoryCache(),

Update the controller: Apollo Link supports extra parameters nested as params[:extensions][:operationId], so update your controller to add that param to context:

# app/controllers/graphql_controller.rb
context = {
  # ...
  # Support Apollo Link:
  operation_id: params[:extensions][:operationId]

Now, context[:operation_id] will be used to fetch a query from the database.

Use with Apollo Codegen

Use apollo client:codegen ... --target json to build a JSON artifact containing your app’s queries. Then, pass the path to that artifact to graphql-ruby-client sync --apollo-codegen-json-output path/to/output.json .... sync will use Apollo-generated operationIds to populate the OperationStore.

Then, to use Apollo-style persisted query IDs, hook up the Persisted Queries Link as described in Apollo’s documentation

Finally, update the controller to pass the Apollo-style persisted query ID as the operation ID:

# app/controllers/graphql_controller.rb
context = {
  # ...
  # Support already-synced Apollo Persisted Queries:
  operation_id: params[:extensions][:operationId]

Now, Apollo-style persisted query IDs will be used to fetch operations from the server’s OperationStore.

Use with Apollo Android

Apollo Android’s generateOperationOutput option builds an OperationOutput.json file which works with the OperationStore. To sync those queries, use the --apollo-android-operation-output option:

graphql-ruby-client sync --apollo-android-operation-output=path/to/OperationOutput.json --url=...

That way, the OperationStore will use the query IDs generated by Apollo Android.

On the server, you’ll have to update your controller to receive the client name and the operation ID. For example:

# app/controllers/graphql_controller.rb
context = { ... }

# Check for an incoming operation ID from Apollo Client:
apollo_android_operation_id = request.headers["X-APOLLO-OPERATION-ID"]
if apollo_android_operation_id.present?
  # Check the incoming request to confirm that
  # it's your first-party client with stored operations
  client_name = # ...
  if client_name.present?
    # If we received an incoming operation ID
    # _and_ identified the client, run a persisted operation.
    context[:operation_id] = "#{client_name}/#{apollo_android_operation_id}"

You may also have to update your app to send an identifier, so that the server can determine the “client name” used with the operation store. (Apollo Android sends a query hash, but the operation store expects IDs in the form #{client_name}/#{query_hash}.)

Use with plain JavaScript

OperationStoreClient.getOperationId takes an operation name as input and returns the server-side alias for that operation:

var OperationStoreClient = require("./OperationStoreClient")

OperationStoreClient.getOperationId("AppHomeQuery")       // => "my-frontend-app/7a8078c7555e20744cb1ff5a62e44aa92c6e0f02554868a15b8a1cbf2e776b6f"
OperationStoreClient.getOperationId("ProductDetailQuery") // => "my-frontend-app/6726a3b816e99b9971a1d25a1205ca81ecadc6eb1d5dd3a71028c4b01cc254c1"

Post the operationId in your GraphQL requests:

// Lookup the operation name:
var operationId = OperationStoreClient.getOperationId(operationName)

// Include it in the params:
$.post("/graphql", {
  operationId: operationId,
  variables: queryVariables,
}, function(response) {
  // ...


OperationStore uses HMAC-SHA256 to authenticate requests.

Pass the key to graphql-ruby-client sync as --secret to authenticate it:

$ export MY_SECRET_KEY= "abcdefg..."
$ graphql-ruby-client sync ... --secret=$MY_SECRET_KEY
# ...
Authenticating with HMAC
# ...