Object Identification

Relay uses global object identification to support some of its features:

Defining UUIDs

You must provide a function for generating UUIDs and fetching objects with them. In your schema, define self.id_from_object and self.object_from_id:

class MySchema < GraphQL::Schema
  def self.id_from_object(object, type_definition, query_ctx)
    # Call your application's UUID method here
    # It should return a string
    MyApp::GlobalId.encrypt(object.class.name, object.id)
  end

  def self.object_from_id(id, query_ctx)
    class_name, item_id = MyApp::GlobalId.decrypt(id)
    # "Post" => Post.find(item_id)
    Object.const_get(class_name).find(item_id)
  end
end

An unencrypted ID generator is provided in the gem. It uses Base64 to encode values. You can use it like this:

class MySchema < GraphQL::Schema
  # Create UUIDs by joining the type name & ID, then base64-encoding it
  def self.id_from_object(object, type_definition, query_ctx)
    GraphQL::Schema::UniqueWithinType.encode(type_definition.name, object.id)
  end

  def self.object_from_id(id, query_ctx)
    type_name, item_id = GraphQL::Schema::UniqueWithinType.decode(id)
    # Now, based on `type_name` and `item_id`
    # find an object in your application
    # ....
  end
end

Node interface

One requirement for Relay’s object management is implementing the "Node" interface.

To implement the node interface, add GraphQL::Relay::Node.interface to your definition:

class Types::PostType < GraphQL::Schema::Object
  # Implement the "Node" interface for Relay
  implements GraphQL::Relay::Node.interface
  # ...
end

To tell GraphQL how to resolve members of the "Node" interface, you must also define Schema.resolve_type:

class MySchema < GraphQL::Schema
  # You'll also need to define `resolve_type` for
  # telling the schema what type Relay `Node` objects are
  def self.resolve_type(type, obj, ctx)
    case obj
    when Post
      Types::PostType
    when Comment
      Types::CommentType
    else
      raise("Unexpected object: #{obj}")
    end
  end
end

UUID fields

Relay Nodes must have a field named "id" which returns a globally unique ID.

To add a UUID field named "id", use the global_id_field helper:

class Types::PostType < GraphQL::Schema::Object
  # `id` exposes the UUID
  global_id_field :id
  # ...
end

This field will call the previously-defined id_from_object class method.

node field (find-by-UUID)

You should also provide a root-level node field so that Relay can refetch objects from your schema. It is provided as GraphQL::Relay::Node.field, so you can attach it like this:

class Types::QueryType < GraphQL::Schema::Object
  # Used by Relay to lookup objects by UUID:
  field :node, field: GraphQL::Relay::Node.field
  # ...
end

nodes field

You can also provide a root-level nodes field so that Relay can refetch objects by IDs. Similarly, it is provided as GraphQL::Relay::Node.plural_field:

class QueryType < GraphQL::Schema::Object
  # Fetches a list of objects given a list of IDs
  field :nodes, field: GraphQL::Relay::Node.plural_field
  # ...
end